Ashkenazi Jews

(pl Ashkenazim)
   Jews of eastern and central European extraction, Ashkenazi Jews were the main components of the first waves of Zionist immigration (see ALIYA) to Palestine, where they encountered a small Jewish community that was primarily Sephardi (see ORIENTAL JEWS) in nature. The Ashkenazi Jews had fled from the Jewish ghettos of Europe (including Russia) and sought to build a new society, primarily secular and socialist in nature. They formed the bulk of the political and military elites during the Yishuv and in the formative years of the state.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Ashkenazi Jews — For other meanings see Ashkenaz (disambiguation). Ashkenazi Jews (יהודי אשכנז Y hude Ashk naz in Biblical Hebrew; Y hudey Ashknoz in Ashkenazi Hebrew) …   Wikipedia

  • List of Ashkenazi Jews — This is an , which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. Revisions and additions are welcome. Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim are Jews descended from the medieval Jewish communities of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashkenazi intelligence — refers to a controversial theory asserting the higher general intelligence of Ashkenazi Jews, the Jews of Central and Eastern European origin who are the descendants of Jews who settled in the Rhineland beginning about the year 800. Many… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashkenazi Synagogue of Istanbul — The Ashkenazi Synagogue is an Ashkenazi synagogue located near the Galata Tower in Istanbul, Turkey. It is the only currently active Ashkenazi synagogue in Istanbul open to visits and prayers. The synagogue was founded by Jews of Austrian origin… …   Wikipedia

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  • Ashkenazi Hebrew — is the pronunciation system for Biblical and Mishnaic Hebrew favored for liturgical use by Ashkenazi Jewish practice. Its phonology was influenced by languages with which it came into contact, such as Yiddish and various Slavic languages. It… …   Wikipedia

  • ASHKENAZI, BEZALEL BEN ABRAHAM — (c. 1520–1591/94), talmudist and halakhic authority. Ashkenazi was born in Jerusalem or in Safed, where he studied in his youth under Israel di curiel . About 1540 he went to Egypt where he studied in Cairo under david b. solomon ibn Abi Zimra.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ASHKENAZI, ẒEVI HIRSCH BEN JACOB — (also known as the Ḥakham Zevi; 1660–1718), rabbi and halakhist. Both his father, Jacob Sak, a renowned scholar, and his maternal grandfather, ephraim b. jacob ha kohen , had escaped from Vilna to Moravia during the 1655 Cossack uprising. It was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ASHKENAZI, LEON — (1922–1996), French Israeli educator and rabbi. Son of the last Great Rabbi of Algeria, Leon Ashkenazi once defined himself as a son of Algeria, of Jewish denomination and envisioned the course of own life, from Oran and Algiers to Paris and then …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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