- (pl Ashkenazim)Jews of eastern and central European extraction, Ashkenazi Jews were the main components of the first waves of Zionist immigration (see ALIYA) to Palestine, where they encountered a small Jewish community that was primarily Sephardi (see ORIENTAL JEWS) in nature. The Ashkenazi Jews had fled from the Jewish ghettos of Europe (including Russia) and sought to build a new society, primarily secular and socialist in nature. They formed the bulk of the political and military elites during the Yishuv and in the formative years of the state.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
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Ashkenazi Jews — For other meanings see Ashkenaz (disambiguation). Ashkenazi Jews (יהודי אשכנז Y hude Ashk naz in Biblical Hebrew; Y hudey Ashknoz in Ashkenazi Hebrew) … Wikipedia
List of Ashkenazi Jews — This is an , which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. Revisions and additions are welcome. Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim are Jews descended from the medieval Jewish communities of the… … Wikipedia
Ashkenazi intelligence — refers to a controversial theory asserting the higher general intelligence of Ashkenazi Jews, the Jews of Central and Eastern European origin who are the descendants of Jews who settled in the Rhineland beginning about the year 800. Many… … Wikipedia
Ashkenazi Synagogue of Istanbul — The Ashkenazi Synagogue is an Ashkenazi synagogue located near the Galata Tower in Istanbul, Turkey. It is the only currently active Ashkenazi synagogue in Istanbul open to visits and prayers. The synagogue was founded by Jews of Austrian origin… … Wikipedia
Jews — Ethnoreligious group. At one time, Russia possessed the largest population of Jews worldwide; the country still has one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe. Historically, Jew (ievrei) was treated as an ethnonational category in Russia… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Jews and Judaism in the African diaspora — The Jewish people have had a long history in Africa, dating to the Biblical era. As the African diaspora grew, because of the movement of Africans and their descendants throughout the world, African Jews were part of that diaspora. In addition,… … Wikipedia
Ashkenazi Hebrew — is the pronunciation system for Biblical and Mishnaic Hebrew favored for liturgical use by Ashkenazi Jewish practice. Its phonology was influenced by languages with which it came into contact, such as Yiddish and various Slavic languages. It… … Wikipedia
ASHKENAZI, BEZALEL BEN ABRAHAM — (c. 1520–1591/94), talmudist and halakhic authority. Ashkenazi was born in Jerusalem or in Safed, where he studied in his youth under Israel di curiel . About 1540 he went to Egypt where he studied in Cairo under david b. solomon ibn Abi Zimra.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ASHKENAZI, ẒEVI HIRSCH BEN JACOB — (also known as the Ḥakham Zevi; 1660–1718), rabbi and halakhist. Both his father, Jacob Sak, a renowned scholar, and his maternal grandfather, ephraim b. jacob ha kohen , had escaped from Vilna to Moravia during the 1655 Cossack uprising. It was… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ASHKENAZI, LEON — (1922–1996), French Israeli educator and rabbi. Son of the last Great Rabbi of Algeria, Leon Ashkenazi once defined himself as a son of Algeria, of Jewish denomination and envisioned the course of own life, from Oran and Algiers to Paris and then … Encyclopedia of Judaism